TEM-8 Sample(2)
日期: 2010-09-11 附件下载:
ping change that occurred during the 1970s in the economic and social status of women.  As hordes of them left home for the workplace and shed their own protected position as child-wives, according to Winn, the effect of child rearing was cataclysmic.  In practical terms, kids were left with far less supervision.  But something much more basic happened as well.  Newly emancipated women began to feel that it was no longer fair to demand submission and deference from their offspring -- or to deny them full access to information about life's confusing realities.

Such treatment was well intentioned.  But, as Winn documents, "new-era child rearing" -- in which the child is enlisted as an equal partner in his own upbringing -- has turned out to be a disaster.  Children do not prosper when treated as adults.  Instead, what they require to accomplish their important tasks of learning and exploration and play is the security of dependency, of their inherent inequality.

While the social forces that have transformed family life are probably irreversible, some measures, Winn suggests, can be taken to keep children from learning too much too soon.  Couples who are bent primarily on self-fulfilment or high-powered careers would do well to think twice about producing offspring at all.  Those who do become parents should be willing to take an authoritative position in the family and to sacrifice their own time for supervision of the kids.

Youngsters between the ages of 6 to 12, Winn emphasizes, require just as much time and attention as toddlers.  She also urges parents to repress, gently, their children's sexuality by withholding information and maintaining discipline -- not out of prudery, but becarse young people whose innocence is prolonged will devote most energy to learning and play, skills that ultimately lead to creativity and achievement.  And in the meantime, they can enjoy the blessing of a real childhood.


First read the questions.


29. The uncultivated part of the arable land in Saudi Arabia is _____

A. 9,000 sq.km. B. 15,000 sq.km. C. 6,000 sq. km. D. 242,000 sq.km.


30. Saudi farmers' success in agriculture can be attributed to all the following factors EXCEPT _____

A. abundant ground-water reserves. B. Government's heavy subsidization.

C. interest-free loans from the bank. D. Government's investment in agriculture.


Now, go through the text quickly and answer the questions.

Few people think of Saudi Arabia as a farm country, but agricultural production reached 1.5 billion last year and is on the rise.  Tomatoes, squash, potatoes and lettuce are grown in the desert, and there are large fields of wheat.  In many cases the